Precisa ter instalado o JavaAplet
Precisa ter instalado o JavaAplet
Precisa ter instalado o JavaAplet
Precisa ter instalado o JavaAplet

History of Portuguese Literature Origins of Portuguese Literature The Portuguese Language Oral Literature Fiction Lyricism
Travel Literature Cantigas de amigo Historiography Doctrinal Prose


Baroque and Mannerism Classics Existentialism Experimentalism Enlightenment Modernity


Neo-Realism Post-Modernism Realism Romanticism Saudosismo Symbolism




Almeida Garrett [1799-1854]

Romanticism was officially introduced into Portugal with the poem Camões, by Almeida Garrett, its great figures being this author, Alexandre Herculano and Camilo Castelo Branco, although the latter belonged to a later generation that overlapped with the advent of the realist school.

The Royal Palace on the hillside of Ajuda

The introduction of the discourse of history as a science (Herculano), the renewal of the theatre (Garrett) and the creation of the historical novel (involving not only both these writers, but also a long line of authors that continued into the twentieth century) are some of the contributions of the Romantic school, which is characterised by the great attention given to individual expression, particularly at the level of the emotions and confessionalism, and the defence of the values of freedom (from the political to the literary level, especially in relation to poetry) and a person’s origins (infancy, nationality, tradition, as well as human nature in its fight against the corrupting influence of society).


© Instituto Camões, 2001